"cultural dating: estimating the period from which an object came by comparing it to what you already know about various time periods." So it's a big part of what a lot of field archaeologists do.They find, say, an old bit of pottery, and based on what they know about that type of pottery from previous digs and previous conclusions they can make guesses about what time period this new piece fits in.It is important that the radiocarbon scientists and archaeologists agree on the sampling strategy before starting the excavation so time, effort, and resources will not be wasted and meaningful result will be produced after the carbon dating process.It must be stressed that archaeologists need to interact with radiocarbon laboratories first before excavation due to several factors.1.
There are also cases when the association between the sample and the deposit is not apparent or easily understood.
History, anthropology, and archaeology are three distinct but closely related bodies of knowledge that tell man of his present by virtue of his past.
Historians can tell what cultures thrived in different regions and when they disintegrated.
Sample collection Contaminants must not be introduced to the samples during collection and storing.
Hydrocarbons, glue, biocides, polyethylene glycol or polyvinyl acetate (PVA) must not come in contact with samples for radiocarbon dating.
Before deciding on using carbon dating as an analytical method, an archaeologist must first make sure that the results of radiocarbon dating after calibration can provide the needed answers to the archaeological questions asked.